SIU Journal of Management, Vol.8, No.1 (June, 2018)

Welcome to the Vol.8, No.1 (June, 2018) issue of the SIU Journal of Management.

CONTENTS

Volume 8, Number 1, June, 2018
  Editor’s Introduction  

SPECIAL ISSUE: FOOD INSECURITY IN LAO PDR, MYANMAR, THAILAND AND VIETNAM

1. Introduction to the Project – John Walsh  
2. Food Insecurity in Lao PDR – Nittana Southiseng  
3. Food Insecurity in Myanmar – Myat Thander Tin  
4. Food Insecurity in Thailand – Petcharat Lovichakorntikul  
5. Food Insecurity in Vietnam – Nancy Huyen Nguyen  
6. Methodological Issues for the FAO’s Food Insecurity Experience Survey – Aimee Hampel  

PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH ARTICLES

1 Relocation and Integration of Internally Displaced Children into Public Schools in Nigeria: Some Policy Issues – Subair S. Tayo and Aliyu M. Olasunkanmi  
2. An Empirical Study on Organizational Justice and Turnover Intention in the Private Commercial Banks of Bangladesh – Popy Podder, Md. Sahidur Rahman and Shameema Ferdausy  
3. Justice and Righteousness in Amos 5:21-27 and Its Implications for Nigerian Society – Oluwaseyi Nathaniel Shogunle  

 

BOOK REVIEWS

1. We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy by Ta-Nehisi Coates – John Walsh  
2. No Is Not Enough: Defeating the New Shock Politics by Naomi Klein – John Walsh  
3. Services Marketing: People, Technology, Strategy by Jochen Wirtz and Christopher Lovelock – John Walsh  
4. Moderates and Extremists in Malaysia: Provocative Essays by Kua Kia Soong – John Walsh  
5. Financial Development in Myanmar by U Soe Tin – John Walsh  

CALL FOR PAPERS

AUTHOR’S GUIDELINES

ABOUT SHINAWATRA UNIVERSITY

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

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Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era

The full-text of this paper is now available online:

Walsh, John and Zeng Yan, “Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era,” Acta Universitatis Danubius Oeconomica, Vol.14, No.3 (2018), pp.65-85. available at: http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/oeconomica/article/view/4690/4467.

Abstract: The importance of the export-oriented garment industry in the economy of Thailand is very high. Currently, this industry is facing great challenges with respect to its growth rate. Competition in international markets is high due to problems such as low productivity, the high cost of production due to better labour wages, limited capability for development, inefficient management structures, limitations in skills training and inefficient systems. To take advantage of global market opportunities in the context of the Industry 4.0 Era, actors in the sector should accurately identify all dimensions of competitive challenges facing them. This paper focuses on the analysis of the current situation of TEOG (Thai Export-Oriented Garment) industry with respect to its competitive challenges and attempts to develop a model for competitive challenges. It is useful for understanding the groupings of TEOG
industry challenges and the related theoretical underpinning, which shows an interactive relationship between the various categories of competitive challenges that are encountered. Additionally, presentation is made of the possible innovation-driven approaches to be used by TEOG industry actors
which are suggested for overcoming these competitive challenges.

Keywords: Competitive challenge; Innovation-driven; Garment industry; Thailand

JEL Classification: L80

 

Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era

Announcing:

Walsh, John and Zeng Yan, “Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era,” Acta Universitatis Danubius Oeconomica, Vol.14, No.3 (2018), abstract available at: http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/oeconomica/article/view/4690.

Abstract:

The importance of the export-oriented garment industry in the economy of Thailand is very high. Currently, this industry is facing great challenges with respect to its growth rate. Competition in international markets is high due to problems such as low productivity, the high cost of production due to better labour wages, limited capability for development, inefficient management structures, limitations in skills training and inefficient systems. To take advantage of global market opportunities in the context of the Industry 4.0 Era, actors in the sector should accurately identify all dimensions of competitive challenges facing them. This paper focuses on the analysis of the current situation of TEOG (Thai Export-Oriented Garment) industry with respect to its competitive challenges and attempts to develop a model for competitive challenges. It is useful for understanding the groupings of TEOG industry challenges and the related theoretical underpinning, which shows an interactive relationship between the various categories of competitive challenges that are encountered. Additionally, presentation is made of the possible innovation-driven approaches to be used by TEOG industry actors which are suggested for overcoming these competitive challenges.

Eco-Efficiency of the Automotive Industry: Evidence from an Industrial Park in Thailand

Announcing: Pinyochatchinda, Supaporn and John Walsh, “Eco-Efficiency of the Automotive Industry: Evidence from an Industrial Park in Thailand,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.2, No.2 (2018), pp.1-8, available at: http://crcltd.org/Files/Eco_-_Efficiency_of_the_Automotive_Industry_Evidence_from_an_Industrial_Park_in_Thailand.PDF.

Abstract:

Sustainable development has become an important issue for the industrial sector. In
particular, the need to create an efficient level of balance between environment and the
economy has been highlighted. This is the heart of the eco-efficiency concept. This paper
investigates, from a managerial perspective, the physical and environmental eco-efficiency data of the automotive industry in Thailand, which accounted for 11% of national GDP in 2013. The focus is on the Rojana Automotive Industrial Park in central Thailand. It is shown that there is a tendency towards more energy reduction and efficient management of resources. This has had an impact on the relationship between industry and nearby communities. Since industry is extracting more value from existing resources, local communities are able to achieve a good quality of life while industry obtains economic growth with social development. These results are used to establish eco-efficiency indicators for the automotive industry in terms of policy planning and resource allocation. Consequently, an eco-industry assessment has been conducted and the prospects for sustainable development conducted.
Keywords: Eco-efficiency, Automotive Industry, Industrial Park, Eco industry, Rojana
Automotive Industrial Park, Sustainable development

Emergent Factors in the Tourism Industry of Thailand

Announcing:

Panthasupkul, Salakanan and John Walsh, “Emergent Factors in the Tourism Industry of Thailand,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.2, No.2 (2018), pp.9-17, available at: http://crcltd.org/Files/Emergent_Factors_in_the_Tourism_Industry_of_Thailand.PDF.

Abstract:

Tourism is an industry of crucial importance to the economy of Thailand. The rise of tourism from China, in particular, has been one of the few dynamic factors propping up the country in recent years. Yet the basic model of Chinese tourism in Thailand is a very basic one that has not developed very far from the zero dollar tourism approach that used to be used. However, despite numerous plans being announced for the future of the country’s industry and manufacturing sector, very little appears to have been done to develop a new understanding of and approach to tourism, apart from the emphasis on wellness tourism. Consequently, this paper draws upon the results of a program of qualitative research conducted with a variety of
stakeholders in Thailand’s tourist sector aimed at trying to identify emergent forces and the possible future means of its development. These are reported on here and some initial conclusions drawn from the results.
Keywords: Tourism, Growth, Stakeholders, Chinese tourist, Thailand

Spatial Economic Initiatives in Thailand

The proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Thai Studies have now been published online (http://www.icts13.chiangmai.cmu.ac.th/list_proceeding.php). The proceedings include my paper ‘Spatial Economic Issues in Thailand.’

Abstract:

In common with other mainland Southeast Asian countries, Thailand has historically been dominated by a primate city, Bangkok, in which all principal economic, social, political, religious and monarchical institutions have been concentrated. Awareness of the problems that this concentration has caused
has been recognized in developmental plans since the 1950s, when efforts at decentralization were first introduced. Assisted by improvements in transportation infrastructure made during the Cold War period, initiatives such as the creation of the Northern Region Industrial Estate have been intended to develop other parts of the country to modify migration flows and reduce income inequalities which have become more marked through the years. The Board of Investment has been instrumental in offering incentives to foreign and domestic investors in industrial estates to the north of Bangkok in Pathum Thani and Ayutthaya, where good roads link the places of production with the markets of the capital and the main port of Laem Chabang. Currently, the border special economic
zone policy aims, insofar as its objectives have been coherently stated, to promote development in border regions which can take advantage of cross-border trade and investment. In these efforts, success has usually been achieved when public sector agencies have provided what private sector interests wanted and this is likely to continue in the future. This paper explores the various economic spatial initiatives that have taken place in the country and attempts to analyses when and where these have been successful and what lessons failures have been able to provide.

Keywords: Thailand, special economic zones, economic geography, regional development

Unity and Uniformity in Thailand’s Urban Environments after the 2014 Coup

Walsh, John, “Unity and Uniformity in Thailand’s Urban Environments after the 2014 Coup,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.1, No.4 (June, 2017), pp.34-9, available at: http://crcltd.org/images/Unity_and_Uniformity_in_Thailand’s_Urban_Environments_after_the_2014_Coup.PDF.

Abstract: The Thai economy and society have grown to be heavily dependent on low-cost
migrant labor, whether that migration is domestic or cross-border in nature. That means the post-2014 campaigns against migrant workers in various categories is more complex than it might at first appear. Consequently, the vending has returned to the streets even where additional market areas have been targeted for closure and low-cost housing areas to be cleared. People are obliged to use the weapons of the weak to try to find and reclaim their places in urban environments, even while gentrification projects are being pressed forward and all gatherings of people subject to summary arrest and periods of attitude adjustment. The lens of unity and uniformity through which the junta would like observers to view Thai society is challenged by the very presence of the diverse people who make it a fundamentally unequal nature persist. This paper explores these issues using ethnographic observation in different parts of Thailand with a view to identifying the reality of everyday politics on the streets of the country.
Keywords: diversity, junta, street vending, Thailand, weapons of the weak