Artisanal Food Production and Marketing in the Perth Area Of Western Australia: Some Preliminary Indications of Difficulties with Classical Economics and Supply Chain Theory

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Announcing: Azavedo, Mark and John Walsh, “Artisanal Food Production and Marketing in the Perth Area Of Western Australia: Some Preliminary Indications of Difficulties with Classical Economics and Supply Chain Theory,” Management and Marketing, Vol.18, No.1 (2018), pp.47-57, available at: https://www.mnmk.ro/documents/2018_01/47.pdf.

Abstract:

Abstract:
This paper derives from various pieces of research, quantitative and qualitative, among artisanal food producers in the Perth area of Western Australia. The research had a focus on the marketing aims of artisanal food producers associated with attendance at Victoria Park Farmers’ Market. It was started so as to locate the motivations of these small-scale producers to be involved in food production at all. Major motivational themes quickly emerged. The first was freedom and the second was self-expression, while community
feeling was also important as an other-orientated approach, which was slightly contradictory. Sub-themes also emerged, for instance the desire to promote
community health. What was not relevant was the drive towards maximising income, creating substantial income, which is from the perspective of entrepreneurship or economic rationality. That rationality derives, of course, from the propositions of classical economics, which has been looking threadbare for some time. Ally the findings here with those from others from research work on consumers at Perth farmers’ markets and consumers of the artisanal producers’ products and this sense of irrationality was further confirmed. Purchasers were little concerned about prices. Ultimately, though, farmers’ markets are characterized by high prices and irrationality in terms of classic supply chain theory, whereby the more that intermediaries are removed, the lower the price should be for the purchaser. That simply does not happen since there is a social element, even a relationship element, that is now being factored into price determination as consumers and farmers come face-to-face.
Keywords: farmers’ markets, vendors, attendance motivations, artisanal food
producer motivations

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Entrepreneurial Women in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

It has arrived: Southiseng, Nittana and John Walsh, “Entrepreneurial Women in Lao People’s Democratic Republic,” in Mehrangiz Najafizadeh and Linda L. Lindsey, eds., Women of Asia: Globalization, Development, and Gender Equality (Routledge, 2018), pp.248-56.

Abstract

Women have long occupied entrepreneurial niches in the Lao economy and have helped to bridge the divide between subsistence agriculture and market-based activities and institutions. Recent research indicates that more women are entering into the formal or semi-formal business sector as owners or operators of micro or small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). In addition to the usual problems relating to work-life balance and social pressures facing women in the labour market, Lao women also face problems of lack of support in terms of business services, lack of capital and business technique awareness. This paper investigates the situation facing Lao women in the workplace through a variety of case studies ranging from street vending, agriculture and manufacturing to services so as to develop a picture of a complex series of issues facing them. It is shown that women entering the labour market can have their familial and social relations significantly reconfigured and that survival and success require various interlinked strategies.

Keywords: entrepreneurs, labour markets, Lao PDR, social relations, women

ASEAN Investment Report: Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Zones in ASEAN

Last year I acted as a consultant for UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in the area of special economic zones in the Greater Mekong Subregion. The full report is available online here. You might find some of the sections I wrote in various chapters or I can tell you about them in considerable detail.

Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era

The full-text of this paper is now available online:

Walsh, John and Zeng Yan, “Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era,” Acta Universitatis Danubius Oeconomica, Vol.14, No.3 (2018), pp.65-85. available at: http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/oeconomica/article/view/4690/4467.

Abstract: The importance of the export-oriented garment industry in the economy of Thailand is very high. Currently, this industry is facing great challenges with respect to its growth rate. Competition in international markets is high due to problems such as low productivity, the high cost of production due to better labour wages, limited capability for development, inefficient management structures, limitations in skills training and inefficient systems. To take advantage of global market opportunities in the context of the Industry 4.0 Era, actors in the sector should accurately identify all dimensions of competitive challenges facing them. This paper focuses on the analysis of the current situation of TEOG (Thai Export-Oriented Garment) industry with respect to its competitive challenges and attempts to develop a model for competitive challenges. It is useful for understanding the groupings of TEOG
industry challenges and the related theoretical underpinning, which shows an interactive relationship between the various categories of competitive challenges that are encountered. Additionally, presentation is made of the possible innovation-driven approaches to be used by TEOG industry actors
which are suggested for overcoming these competitive challenges.

Keywords: Competitive challenge; Innovation-driven; Garment industry; Thailand

JEL Classification: L80

 

Border Economic Zones Linking China with Myanmar, Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Vietnam

Announcing: Walsh, John, “Border Economic Zones Linking China with Myanmar, Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Vietnam,” in Herlin Chien, ed., Southeast Asia: Beyond Borders and Boundaries (Kaohsiung: Wenzao Ursuline University Press, 2018), pp.128-42.

More details about the book may be found here.

Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era

Announcing:

Walsh, John and Zeng Yan, “Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era,” Acta Universitatis Danubius Oeconomica, Vol.14, No.3 (2018), abstract available at: http://journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/oeconomica/article/view/4690.

Abstract:

The importance of the export-oriented garment industry in the economy of Thailand is very high. Currently, this industry is facing great challenges with respect to its growth rate. Competition in international markets is high due to problems such as low productivity, the high cost of production due to better labour wages, limited capability for development, inefficient management structures, limitations in skills training and inefficient systems. To take advantage of global market opportunities in the context of the Industry 4.0 Era, actors in the sector should accurately identify all dimensions of competitive challenges facing them. This paper focuses on the analysis of the current situation of TEOG (Thai Export-Oriented Garment) industry with respect to its competitive challenges and attempts to develop a model for competitive challenges. It is useful for understanding the groupings of TEOG industry challenges and the related theoretical underpinning, which shows an interactive relationship between the various categories of competitive challenges that are encountered. Additionally, presentation is made of the possible innovation-driven approaches to be used by TEOG industry actors which are suggested for overcoming these competitive challenges.

Eco-Efficiency of the Automotive Industry: Evidence from an Industrial Park in Thailand

Announcing: Pinyochatchinda, Supaporn and John Walsh, “Eco-Efficiency of the Automotive Industry: Evidence from an Industrial Park in Thailand,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.2, No.2 (2018), pp.1-8, available at: http://crcltd.org/Files/Eco_-_Efficiency_of_the_Automotive_Industry_Evidence_from_an_Industrial_Park_in_Thailand.PDF.

Abstract:

Sustainable development has become an important issue for the industrial sector. In
particular, the need to create an efficient level of balance between environment and the
economy has been highlighted. This is the heart of the eco-efficiency concept. This paper
investigates, from a managerial perspective, the physical and environmental eco-efficiency data of the automotive industry in Thailand, which accounted for 11% of national GDP in 2013. The focus is on the Rojana Automotive Industrial Park in central Thailand. It is shown that there is a tendency towards more energy reduction and efficient management of resources. This has had an impact on the relationship between industry and nearby communities. Since industry is extracting more value from existing resources, local communities are able to achieve a good quality of life while industry obtains economic growth with social development. These results are used to establish eco-efficiency indicators for the automotive industry in terms of policy planning and resource allocation. Consequently, an eco-industry assessment has been conducted and the prospects for sustainable development conducted.
Keywords: Eco-efficiency, Automotive Industry, Industrial Park, Eco industry, Rojana
Automotive Industrial Park, Sustainable development