An Examination of Strategies to Mitigate the Number of Motorcycle Rider Fatalities in Thailand


Announcing:  Meneghella, Karl and John Walsh, “An Examination of Strategies to Mitigate the Number of Motorcycle Rider Fatalities in Thailand” Acta Universitatis Danubius Oeconomica, Vol.14, No.4 (2018), pp.72-87, available at:

Abstract: This paper attempts to examine and quantify the degree of safety-helmet use by motorcyclists and their passengers in Thailand. Specifically, the paper examines the phenomena in three separate locations within Thailand. The paper will also review the literature surrounding road safety in general, road safety for motorcyclists, proper helmet use, Thai acts of parliament aimed at motorcyclists, and the degree to which helmet use is enforced or policed in Thailand. Experts posit that road fatalities, and
the serious debilitating injuries caused by road traffic accidents, can impact a nation’s GDP by as much as 5%. Perhaps even more importantly, especially in the context of a developing country, is the direct impact to families who lose their prime bread-winner or wage-earner. This loss may either be permanent, as in the case of a fatality, or extended over a protracted period of time, where families find themselves having to care for severely injured members. In the latter case, the requirement for care is often long-term, with little in the way of insurance or medical benefits to offset the burden. It is hoped
that a study of motorcycle related road traffic fatalities may identify or highlight interventions or strategies that could be employed to mitigate the road toll in Thailand.

Keywords: Thai Helmet Act 1994; Motorcyclists; Road Toll; Policing; Enforcement

JEL Classification: R41


Artisanal Food Production and Marketing in the Perth Area Of Western Australia: Some Preliminary Indications of Difficulties with Classical Economics and Supply Chain Theory


Announcing: Azavedo, Mark and John Walsh, “Artisanal Food Production and Marketing in the Perth Area Of Western Australia: Some Preliminary Indications of Difficulties with Classical Economics and Supply Chain Theory,” Management and Marketing, Vol.18, No.1 (2018), pp.47-57, available at:


This paper derives from various pieces of research, quantitative and qualitative, among artisanal food producers in the Perth area of Western Australia. The research had a focus on the marketing aims of artisanal food producers associated with attendance at Victoria Park Farmers’ Market. It was started so as to locate the motivations of these small-scale producers to be involved in food production at all. Major motivational themes quickly emerged. The first was freedom and the second was self-expression, while community
feeling was also important as an other-orientated approach, which was slightly contradictory. Sub-themes also emerged, for instance the desire to promote
community health. What was not relevant was the drive towards maximising income, creating substantial income, which is from the perspective of entrepreneurship or economic rationality. That rationality derives, of course, from the propositions of classical economics, which has been looking threadbare for some time. Ally the findings here with those from others from research work on consumers at Perth farmers’ markets and consumers of the artisanal producers’ products and this sense of irrationality was further confirmed. Purchasers were little concerned about prices. Ultimately, though, farmers’ markets are characterized by high prices and irrationality in terms of classic supply chain theory, whereby the more that intermediaries are removed, the lower the price should be for the purchaser. That simply does not happen since there is a social element, even a relationship element, that is now being factored into price determination as consumers and farmers come face-to-face.
Keywords: farmers’ markets, vendors, attendance motivations, artisanal food
producer motivations

Entrepreneurial Women in Lao People’s Democratic Republic

It has arrived: Southiseng, Nittana and John Walsh, “Entrepreneurial Women in Lao People’s Democratic Republic,” in Mehrangiz Najafizadeh and Linda L. Lindsey, eds., Women of Asia: Globalization, Development, and Gender Equality (Routledge, 2018), pp.248-56.


Women have long occupied entrepreneurial niches in the Lao economy and have helped to bridge the divide between subsistence agriculture and market-based activities and institutions. Recent research indicates that more women are entering into the formal or semi-formal business sector as owners or operators of micro or small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs). In addition to the usual problems relating to work-life balance and social pressures facing women in the labour market, Lao women also face problems of lack of support in terms of business services, lack of capital and business technique awareness. This paper investigates the situation facing Lao women in the workplace through a variety of case studies ranging from street vending, agriculture and manufacturing to services so as to develop a picture of a complex series of issues facing them. It is shown that women entering the labour market can have their familial and social relations significantly reconfigured and that survival and success require various interlinked strategies.

Keywords: entrepreneurs, labour markets, Lao PDR, social relations, women


Some years ago, I wrote a number of articles for the German political-economic magazine Südostasien and now the issues published before 2010 have been made available online. This is a list of the articles I had published and three of these are currently available online for anyone who would like to read them:

1/2005 Überaus erfolgreiche One-Man-Show – Öffentlicher Diskurs und Partizipation, pp.34-7, available at:

3/2005 (with Nguyen Van Canh) Das geheime Leben – die vietnamesische Migrantgeneration von 1945, pp.34-6.

4/2005 Jasminreais – Object der Begierde, pp.25-7.

1/2006 Unruhige Zeiten: Uberlegungen zur Energie politik, pp.40-2.

2/2006 Die Fortgeschrittenen Thailand ist weiter auf dem Weg, die Bedürfrisse älterer Menschen zu Verstehen, als seine Nachbarstaaten, pp.27-9, available at:

1/2007 Die Schmalspurbahm – Thailand und Europa: eine begrentze Beziehung, pp.38-40.

2/2007 Ein Grund mehr für öffentliche und politische Debatten – Gefahren das Klimawandels für Thailand, pp.34-5.

4/2007 Die Spätzünder – Indische Geschäftsleute fassen auf thailändischen Markt Fuß, pp.37-9/

3/2008 Politische Schachzüge – Thailand und die 68er-Bewegung, pp.36-7.

1/2009 Die verflixte Abhängigkeit – Thailands Energielucke, pp38-9.

3/2009 Lernen, lernen, lernen! Soziale Aufstiegschancen und der thailändische Arbeitsmarkt, pp.42-3.

4/2009 Die neuen Handelswege – Thailand und der arabische Welt, pp.28-9. Available at:


ASEAN Investment Report: Foreign Direct Investment and Economic Zones in ASEAN

Last year I acted as a consultant for UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in the area of special economic zones in the Greater Mekong Subregion. The full report is available online here. You might find some of the sections I wrote in various chapters or I can tell you about them in considerable detail.

SIU Journal of Management, Vol.8, No.1 (June, 2018)

Welcome to the Vol.8, No.1 (June, 2018) issue of the SIU Journal of Management.


Volume 8, Number 1, June, 2018
  Editor’s Introduction  


1. Introduction to the Project – John Walsh  
2. Food Insecurity in Lao PDR – Nittana Southiseng  
3. Food Insecurity in Myanmar – Myat Thander Tin  
4. Food Insecurity in Thailand – Petcharat Lovichakorntikul  
5. Food Insecurity in Vietnam – Nancy Huyen Nguyen  
6. Methodological Issues for the FAO’s Food Insecurity Experience Survey – Aimee Hampel  


1 Relocation and Integration of Internally Displaced Children into Public Schools in Nigeria: Some Policy Issues – Subair S. Tayo and Aliyu M. Olasunkanmi  
2. An Empirical Study on Organizational Justice and Turnover Intention in the Private Commercial Banks of Bangladesh – Popy Podder, Md. Sahidur Rahman and Shameema Ferdausy  
3. Justice and Righteousness in Amos 5:21-27 and Its Implications for Nigerian Society – Oluwaseyi Nathaniel Shogunle  



1. We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy by Ta-Nehisi Coates – John Walsh  
2. No Is Not Enough: Defeating the New Shock Politics by Naomi Klein – John Walsh  
3. Services Marketing: People, Technology, Strategy by Jochen Wirtz and Christopher Lovelock – John Walsh  
4. Moderates and Extremists in Malaysia: Provocative Essays by Kua Kia Soong – John Walsh  
5. Financial Development in Myanmar by U Soe Tin – John Walsh  





Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era

The full-text of this paper is now available online:

Walsh, John and Zeng Yan, “Call for Innovation-Driven Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Thai Export-Oriented Garment Industry Facing Competitive Challenges in the Context of Industry 4.0 Era,” Acta Universitatis Danubius Oeconomica, Vol.14, No.3 (2018), pp.65-85. available at:

Abstract: The importance of the export-oriented garment industry in the economy of Thailand is very high. Currently, this industry is facing great challenges with respect to its growth rate. Competition in international markets is high due to problems such as low productivity, the high cost of production due to better labour wages, limited capability for development, inefficient management structures, limitations in skills training and inefficient systems. To take advantage of global market opportunities in the context of the Industry 4.0 Era, actors in the sector should accurately identify all dimensions of competitive challenges facing them. This paper focuses on the analysis of the current situation of TEOG (Thai Export-Oriented Garment) industry with respect to its competitive challenges and attempts to develop a model for competitive challenges. It is useful for understanding the groupings of TEOG
industry challenges and the related theoretical underpinning, which shows an interactive relationship between the various categories of competitive challenges that are encountered. Additionally, presentation is made of the possible innovation-driven approaches to be used by TEOG industry actors
which are suggested for overcoming these competitive challenges.

Keywords: Competitive challenge; Innovation-driven; Garment industry; Thailand

JEL Classification: L80