The full issue is available here: SIU JM 7.1
||Impact of Corporate Governance Attributes on Intellectual Capital Disclosure: Evidence from Listed Banking Companies in Bangladesh – Swadip Bhattacharjee, Shimul Chakraborty and Sumon Bhattacharjee (download Bhattacharjee)
||Effect of Socio-Cognitive Technique on Tobacco Smoking Cessation Among Undergraduates in Selected Public Universities in South-West Nigeria – Aaron Akinloye, Olufemi Adegbesan and Mary Sam-Odutola (download Akinloye)
||Physical Activity Intervention Effects on Tobacco Smoking Cessation among University Students – Aaron Olalekan Akinloye, Mary Sam-Odutola and Adetoun Akinwusi (download Olalekan)
||The Adoption Intentions of Smartphones among Young Consumers: Diffusion of Innovation Theory Perspective – Suleman Anwar, Ayesha Ramzan Butt, Eliane Bragança de Matos and Muhammad Kashif (download Anwar)
| International Conference on Recent Trends in Business Management
(ICRTBM, 2017) (download 7.1.Conference) 93
||Chronicles on Our Troubled Times by Thomas Piketty – John Walsh (download Piketty)
||Food Security in Post-Conflict Nepal: Challenges and Opportunities by Bishnu Raj Upreti, Sagar Raj Sharma and Suman Babu Paudel, eds. – John Walsh (download Upreti)
|| Reclaiming Development: An Alternative Economic Policy Manual by Ha-Joon Chang and Ilene Grabel – John Walsh (download Chang)
CALL FOR PAPERS 108
AUTHOR’S GUIDELINES 110
ABOUT SHINAWATRA UNIVERSITY 113
EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD 115
Announcing: Lomethong, Jen and John Walsh, “Nation-Building in Myanmar: The Role of Drug Eradication Schemes,” The Myanmar Journal, Vol.4, No.2 (2017), pp.31-40, available at: http://www.komyra.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=articles&wr_id=74.
ABSTRACT : Production of opium has been problematic in Myanmar for many
centuries, particularly in the contemporary era where there has been a
shortage of alternative suitable cash crops for subsistence farmers struggling
to face the challenges of globalization. Various drug eradication programmes
have been tried in the country, often in conjunction with international
partners but these have been of limited success because the military
government was unwilling to allow access to many parts of the country to
observers and, indeed, some parts of the country were not available even to
the military government. In addition, local warlords had patronage networks
which extended into government circles and caused divided loyalties among
at least some of those people charged with eradication. This paper explores
the existence and performance of drug eradication schemes in contemporary
Myanmar and then argues that none is likely to be successful until steps are
taken to raise confidence in peace and stability among all important
stakeholders. This, in turn, can only be achieved with nation-building
initiatives. It is recognised that the current political settlement is fragile and it
is not impossible that democracy will be lost again. The example of the
Rohingya refugees and the recent outbreaks of ethnic violence in urban
Myanmar show the limits of state institutions and technical capacity in this
Key words : drug eradication, Myanmar, nation-building, state capacity
Win, Sandi and John Walsh, “Myanmar’s Mothers at a Time of Structural Change,” The Myanmar Journal, Vol.4, No.2 (2017), pp.13-30, available at: http://www.komyra.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=articles&wr_id=73.
ABSTRACT : The intersectionalities of Myanmar’s patriarchic system have
represented significant challenges to the country’s women, particularly its
mothers. The confluence of class, ethnicity and patronage networks contains within itself the numerous barriers to women working outside the house, particularly after marriage. This manifests itself is social mores as well as practical issues relating to the ability to balance child care with outside activities. This situation is now changing because of the relative opening of the state to democracy and the forces of globalization. In Mandalay, capital of the Northern Division of the country and centre of agricultural production, globalization is represented by the physical infrastructure of the road linking the city to Thailand, India and China, the dry dock and special economic zone, the spread of capitalism to more sectors of society and the opportunities to consume international products through newly-opened retail spaces such as in Ocean Plaza, as well as the access to information from mobile internet access cross-border television shows. These changes are affecting the decisions women can make about their lives and the expectations placed upon them to be not just wives, mothers and daughters but, also, modern consumers and producers in a developed capitalist society. This paper reports on qualitative research conducted with a diverse range of mothers in Mandalay through in-depth personal interviews. A semi-structured research instrument is used to encourage the respondents to discuss issues related to work-life balance, aspirations, life chances and relationships with other people, including family members, institutions and the market. The findings are presented within a framework that combine practical, cognitive and spiritual elements.
Key words : gender, modernity, mothers, Myanmar, work-life balance
I attended the Wenzao Southeast Asia International Conference at Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. The paper I gave was “Border Economic Zones Linking China with Myanmar, Lao PDR and Vietnam: Categorization and Assessment of Sustainability.” Here is the abstract:
China’s southern border region has throughout history been diverse, multidimensional and contested. At least some parts of the area belong to the anarchic upland Southeast Asian region some have called Zomia and labelled beyond the reach of the state. However, in recent decades, even the remotest parts are being brought under state control of some sort, although progress is uneven and sometimes unpredictable. China’s One Belt and Road policy will intensify the ability of state agencies to enforce control but, at the moment, a transitional period may be witnessed in which private sector agencies are taking the place of state agents. The private sector has organized a series of different economic systems in the border regions of Myanmar, Lao PDR and Vietnam, ranging from cowboy capitalism that seems to exploit all it touches to formalized economic zones and special economic zones that systematically organize production activities that have become parts of global value chains. The formation and administration of these different systems is affected by the difficult terrain, the antipathy felt by some peripheral ethnic minority groups to the central authority and the actions of transnational organizations such as the Asian Development Bank aiming to link the region together more tightly through building physical infrastructure. This paper documents the different types and scales of economic activities taking place in the three border regions identified and categorizes them. Suggestions are made as to how to promote higher levels of equality and sustainability of the different categories and an assessment is made as to how these activities will, if at all, be incorporated into the more formal state systems that will in due course be put into place.
Keywords: borders, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, special economic zones, Vietnam
I am hopeful of the publication of this paper in a subsequent book or journal from the conference organizers in due course.
Lovichakorntikul, Petcharat and John Walsh, “Urban Change and Economic Transformation: The Case of Phnom Penh,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.1, No.4 (June, 2017), pp.40-6, available at: http://crcltd.org/images/Urban_Change_and_Economic_Transformation_The_Case_of_Phnom_Penh.PDF.
Abstract: Capital cities are required to fulfill some or all of a variety of functions: home of the monarchy, center of religious monuments, commercial and social center of the state. Yet Phnom Penh, historically, is rarely fulfilling any of these functions. The center of religious monuments and the legitimization this offered was located in Angkor, while the home of the monarchy was moved from place to place on a regular basis. When it did become established as the capital city, Phnom Penh passed through periods of transformation based on economic and commercial change rather than for political or legalistic reasons. Different ethnic communities lived next to each other in more or less harmony on the basis that they occupied different economic and occupation-based activities. This was managed by the colonizing French and, after a brief and somewhat decadent post-colonial period, Phnom Penh suffered its most debilitating changes
after the Communist revolution of 1975 brought the Maoist Khmer Rouge into power.
Antithetical to urban living and mostly manned by people who had never visited a large
conurbation, Phnom Penh was almost completely emptied as the city dwellers were forced into agricultural collectivization or imprisoned or forced into exile. Historical monuments, for example the Catholic Cathedral, were razed to the ground while others, Tuol Sleng notably, have become reconfigured as monuments for the genocide conducted in the city. After the Khmer Rouge were evicted by Vietnamese armed forces and the long and painful transition towards democracy commenced, the city returned to some form of life. Significant inflows of investment were sourced through transnational non-governmental organizations and government overseas development and assistance and that investment were aimed at both institutional improvement at the macro-social level and help for businesses and entrepreneurs often at the micro-social level (since large business corporations can be assumed to develop from association with government and social elites). Changes to the city, therefore, have been largely driven by commercial interests. Simultaneously, the real estate sector is booming and the government is planning large increases in the downtown areas. In some cases, this has featured the forcible relocation of slum dwellers to new areas far from the city. This paper investigates the nature and cause of changes in Phnom Penh over recent decades and seeks to explain what changes are likely to be seen in the future.
Keywords: Urban Change, Economic Developments, Culture, Commercial change, Phnom Penh
Walsh, John, “Unity and Uniformity in Thailand’s Urban Environments after the 2014 Coup,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.1, No.4 (June, 2017), pp.34-9, available at: http://crcltd.org/images/Unity_and_Uniformity_in_Thailand’s_Urban_Environments_after_the_2014_Coup.PDF.
Abstract: The Thai economy and society have grown to be heavily dependent on low-cost
migrant labor, whether that migration is domestic or cross-border in nature. That means the post-2014 campaigns against migrant workers in various categories is more complex than it might at first appear. Consequently, the vending has returned to the streets even where additional market areas have been targeted for closure and low-cost housing areas to be cleared. People are obliged to use the weapons of the weak to try to find and reclaim their places in urban environments, even while gentrification projects are being pressed forward and all gatherings of people subject to summary arrest and periods of attitude adjustment. The lens of unity and uniformity through which the junta would like observers to view Thai society is challenged by the very presence of the diverse people who make it a fundamentally unequal nature persist. This paper explores these issues using ethnographic observation in different parts of Thailand with a view to identifying the reality of everyday politics on the streets of the country.
Keywords: diversity, junta, street vending, Thailand, weapons of the weak
Walsh, John, “Thai Rak Thai’s Policies and Vision: Evidence from Chiang Rai Province,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.1, No.4 (June, 2017), pp.21-33, available at: http://crcltd.org/images/Thai_Rak_Thai’s_Economic_Policies_and_Vision_Evidence_from_Chiang_Rai_Province.PDF.
Abstract: The incoming Thai Rak Thai (TRT) government stood on a manifesto of changing the nature of the East Asian Economic Model (EAEM) that Thailand had been following since the early 1950s. This model had been quite successful in economic terms, but the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis revealed its shortcomings in a changing world in which the rise of China threatened Thailand’s low labour cost competitive advantage, not to mention the demographic changes that were reducing the relative numbers of young people compared to older people in the country. This was to be achieved by strengthening local economies in all 76 provinces of the country, thereby reducing the reliance on external export markets and the social problems resulting from labour migration. A political agenda also called for the uprooting of those elements of the developmental state that were acting to prevent any societal changes in support
of the new economic approach. This was to be accompanied by improvements in the
educational system designed to promote creativity and innovation. However, an open stance towards globalization was also to be pursued, which included the signing of various Free Trade Agreements to enhance choice in market selection and new opportunities for value added products. This chapter investigates the impact of these changes in a single spatial location, which is the province of Chiang Rai. It is shown that the region was more directly linked to international capital markets and local institutions and communities strengthened. People have subsequently been more able to deal with the international economic crisis starting in 2008, despite the cancellation of many of the TRT’s policies and, above all, vision.
Key words: Ecomony, Financial crises, export, Policies, Thai Rak Thai
Walsh, John, “Does the Tourism Industry Create Decent Work?” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.1, No.4 (June, 2017), pp.13-20, available at: http://crcltd.org/images/Does_the_Tourism_Industry_Create_Decent_Work.PDF.
Abstract: It is generally accepted that the development of the tourism industry helps in
providing more jobs for local people and, hence, better income generation and prospects for economic development. Yet it has been shown that most new jobs in the tourism industry are low-skilled and low-salary in nature. Indeed, the negative externalities often associated with investment in the tourism industry, particularly in the Mekong Region but also elsewhere, result in jobs associated with demeaning and dangerous activities (e.g. Sex work industry and drugs peddling). Unless it is clear what kinds of jobs will be created by development in tourism, it will be impossible for government agencies to plan for future changes in the labour market and to the need for public services in the future. This paper examines the evidence for job creation in different parts of the world and estimates how this will apply to tourism development in Thailand. The limitations of this approach are explored and suggestions made as to future research necessary to improve the quality of labour market planning in this regard.
Key words: Decent work, labour market, Thailand, tourism, Economy