SIU Journal of Management, Vol.8, No.1 (June, 2018)

Welcome to the Vol.8, No.1 (June, 2018) issue of the SIU Journal of Management.


Volume 8, Number 1, June, 2018
Editor’s Introduction


1. Introduction to the Project – John Walsh (Introduction to the Food Insecurity Project in Four Mekong Region Countries)
2. Food Insecurity in Lao PDR – Nittana Southiseng (8.1.Southiseng)
3. Food Insecurity in Myanmar – Myat Thander Tin
4. Food Insecurity in Thailand – Petcharat Lovichakorntikul (8.1.Lovichakorntikul)
5. Food Insecurity in Vietnam – Nancy Huyen Nguyen (8.1.Nguyen)
6. Methodological Issues for the FAO’s Food Insecurity Experience Survey – Aimee Hampel


1 Relocation and Integration of Internally Displaced Children into Public Schools in Nigeria: Some Policy Issues – Subair S. Tayo and Aliyu M. Olasunkanmi
2. An Empirical Study on Organizational Justice and Turnover Intention in the Private Commercial Banks of Bangladesh – Popy Podder, Md. Sahidur Rahman and Shameema Ferdausy
3. Justice and Righteousness in Amos 5:21-27 and Its Implications for Nigerian Society – Oluwaseyi Nathaniel Shogunle



1. We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy by Ta-Nehisi Coates – John Walsh
2. No Is Not Enough: Defeating the New Shock Politics by Naomi Klein – John Walsh (8.1.Klein)
3. Services Marketing: People, Technology, Strategy by Jochen Wirtz and Christopher Lovelock – John Walsh
4. High-Speed Empire: Chinese Expansion and the Future of Southeast Asia by Will Doig – John Walsh (8.1.Doig)





Mobile Telecommunications, the Internet and Social and Economic Development in Myanmar


Announcing: Khaing, Mya Kay and John Walsh, “Mobile Telecommunications, the Internet and Social and Economic Development in Myanmar,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.2, No.4 (2018), pp.51-60, available at:


Myanmar has changed from being a closed society under the military dictatorship that ran the country for decades to becoming an open or at least semi-open country with a democratic system. One impact of this has been in the field of mobile telecommunications; ten years ago, almost no one had a mobile telephone but now almost everyone does and, with it, very commonly access to the internet. This paper draws upon empirical research into these issues and this has informed the current discussion, which focuses on the social and economic development of the country under the current conditions.

Keywords: economic development, internet, mobile telecommunications, Myanmar, social development

Access to Mobile Telecommunications and the Internet in Rural Myanmar

Announcing: Khaing, Mya Kay and John Walsh, “Access to Mobile Telecommunications and the Internet in Rural Myanmar,” International Review of Management and Development Studies, Vol.2, No.4 (2018), pp.20-34, available at:


A quantitative survey of 411 completed questionnaires was conducted in northern
Myanmar to try to ascertain the extent to which the rapid spread of mobile telecommunications
in much of the rest of the country is also taking place in rural, northern areas. It was found that
although mobile telecommunication penetration had taken place at a high rate, there was a
lower level of apparent internet usage as mobile operators have promoted Face book access at a
low or zero price as separate from the internet as a whole, for which a premium fee must be
paid. Face book has, for many people, de facto become the internet. The comparatively low level
of Face book pages in Myanmar language and the even fewer numbers in the languages of the
many ethnic minority people of the country mean there are both barriers to access to
information and a greater likelihood that unchecked information might spread rapidly. It is also
found that access to agricultural information through mobile telephones is at a comparatively
low level and most people use these devices to keep in contact with friends and family
members. There are, therefore, opportunities for improving developmental opportunities for
rural farming households by using this technology.

Keywords: agriculture, information, internet, mobile telecommunications, Myanmar

Study on the Strategies of the E-Commerce Implementation in Binchuan Grape Industry – Based on SWOT Quantitative Analysis Method

Announcing: Xiaodong, Liu and John Walsh, “Study on the Strategies of the E-Commerce Implementation in Binchuan Grape Industry – Based on SWOT Quantitative Analysis Method,” Proceedings of Business and Economics Studies, Vol.1, No.1 (2018), pp.10-3, available at:


This study takes Binchuan County grape industry as the research point, on the basis of SWOT
analysis in e-commerce grape industry resources in Binchuan County, combined with AHP quantitative
analysis method, used Delphi method gives the factors weights and scores from the experts. And used the four dimensional strategic center coordinates location of gravity, determine the strategy orientation angle. Come to conclusion that the strategies of implementation e-commerce of grape industry in Binchuan County should be opportunity type, and then put forward strategic suggestions.

Key words: Strategies; E-commerce; Binchuan County; SWOT quantitative analysis

Managing at a Distance: Cross-Border Land Control in the Greater Mekong Subregion

I have given my presentation (by Skype) at the ARI workshop on Sustainable Transboundary Governance of the Environmental Commons in Southeast Asia (Date:01 Nov 2018 – 02 Nov 2018) (more here: The paper, co-authored with Dr. Nittana Southiseng, was entitled Managing at a Distance: Cross-Border Land Control in the Greater Mekong Subregion.

Here is the abstract:

In order to capture the economic benefits of differing cross-border conditions and access to resources, investors – mostly but not exclusively Chinese – are enforcing control of land in the Greater Mekong Subregion countries. This has included the building and maintenance of an oil pipeline from Kyaukphyu special economic zone to Kunming, the operation of casinos and related resorts and the provision of security in the amber and jade market enclave at Jiegao, among other examples. In addition to the land involved, these projects require not just land but water, electricity and telecommunications services and involve people who live in conditions that are not regulated by standard legal protections. Governance of such areas varies from strict control of valuable resources and access to them through uneven application of factory regimes through to cowboy capitalism. The ability of observers to monitor conditions is hampered by the degree to which investors and their stakeholders are willing to keep their actions obscure. Is it possible to quantify the impacts of these operations and assess the impact on the human and physical environments? This paper uses a case study approach to investigate the sustainability issues related to the Kyaukphyu pipeline project, the Jiegao market and the Poipet casino complex. Information on these projects can be difficult to obtain and it is necessary to make some approximations of impacts. Governance systems are identified and suggestions are made from various perspectives as to how to impose more transparency onto them.

Keywords: cross-border land control, environmental impacts, Greater Mekong Subregion, special economic zones, sustainability


Nittana Southiseng, SME Development advisor, GiZ, Vientiane, Lao PDR

John Walsh, RMIT, Vietnam (






Competition Policy, Connectivity and E-Commerce in Myanmar


I am back now from the first workshop on the third phase of the ERIA ( project on Digital Connectivity in ASEAN and East Asia, held at the One Farrar Hotel in sunny Singapore. It went well and attendants presented some interesting proposals for the research they intend to undertake. Proposals are to be revised by the end of the month when convenor Dr. Lurong Chen will submit a book proposal and then the second workshop will be in February, 2019 in Jakarta for presentation of draft papers.

Here is the abstract of my project:

Competition Policy, Connectivity and E-Commerce in Myanmar


The purpose of competition policy is to help structure and regulate market activities so that they are comparatively free and fair for both consumers and also companies and other institutions. It is based on the premise that development, broadly defined, will be best achieved by creating market conditions that are neutral with respect to enterprise ownership (i.e. public or private) and derivation (i.e. domestic or international investment). This premise has been challenged by historians of economic development who note that developed nations achieved their status by systematically contravening the tenets of this approach. Nevertheless, competition policy has a number of impacts on connectivity, which is itself an important measure of economic and social development. The ability of people, companies and institutions to connect with each other and external sources (physically or virtually) influences the ability they have to identify and take advantage of new or variant commercial or social opportunities. This is particularly true with e-commerce, since this can only meaningfully take place when there is a level of connectivity between those people who are involved in the various transactions. These issues, which are complex and difficult to manage in even the most developed states, are particularly problematic in a country such as Myanmar, which not only has to contend with less developed nation status but also has to contend with very low levels of physical infrastructure, high levels of inequality, great diversity in terms of ethnic minority peoples and the legacy of both colonialism and instances of civil war. This raises practical questions of promulgating regulations and principles in a number of different languages when there is limited technical capacity – this issue has proved to beyond the ability of transnational corporations such as Facebook to manage successfully. Informed by empirical research conducted in the first two phases of this research project, this paper uses critical and comparative analysis to identify strengths and weaknesses of Myanmar’s emergent regime of competition policy in the light of how such processes have taken place in regional neighbours such as Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. An account of the provision of e-commerce providers and platforms in Myanmar is included. Policy issues are highlighted but so too are both governance and enforcement issues in the context of a diverse nation with many centrifugal forces working upon them. Recommendations are drawn from this analysis.

Keywords: competition policy; connectivity; e-commerce; Myanmar

Review of Corey’s Caliban’s War


Caliban’s War, The Expanse Book 2

James S.A. Corey,

New York, NY: Orbit, 2012

ISBN: 9-780316-129060

611 pp.

On the day on which it was reported (or at least I noticed it for the first time) that a form of miniature planet that has come to be known as the Goblin is one of three distant bodies which take up to 40,000 years to orbit the sun and which suggests the presence of an as yet undiscovered larger than Earth-sized planet in a remote part of the solar system, it is perhaps instructive to be reminded of the enormity of space and the risks that would be faced by those traversing it in fragile spaceships. The sailors of the past also faced death and ruin at any moment but their downfalls were likely to be comparatively lengthy affairs during which time it might be possible to come to some kind of terms with one’s own maker. Space flight, on the other hand, runs a perpetual risk of immediate, unexpected death from a wide range of possible reasons, many of which are beyond our control for the foreseeable future. All of this danger becomes, of course, intensified when people start shooting each other. Alas, it seems impossible for the people of the earth, Mars, the Outer Planets Alliance and the ominous seeming alien infestation on Venus to be able to live together in peace and harmony. How would people think about themselves and their future in such a situation?

In the case of The Expanse, an imagined universe based on the solar system of the relatively near future, most people tend towards the nihilistic, focusing on hedonistic highlights among the drudgery or else personal career development goals, in addition to the idealistic, who aim to develop the lot of humanity one nutrient-yielding plant at a time. The former includes most of the crew of the Rocinante, which is an advanced Martian warship that has fallen into the hands of our hero-adventurers, while the latter includes the ship’s captain, James Holden, whose moral issues tend to drive most of the action, albeit set against a background of deeper and more powerful forces. In the first book of the series, Holden was involved in the events that led to the infection of Venus (read the earlier book first) and now his decision suddenly to help a distraught botanist on a destroyed orbital habitat find his lost daughter leads to the peregrinations of the principal characters. While they search for her, the rest of humanity seems doomed to an internecine war that might destroy all of the inhabited planets or, at least, ruin the trust that might make further progress possible, especially with respect to the emergent alien threat. This threat is also intensifying as more evidence emerges of the power and reach of what appears to be an implacable enemy.

This is a jolly romp through space with chases and explosions and unexpected twists and turns that are likely to keep a reader hooked for the duration of the ride (and perhaps others of this multi-volume series too, I believe half a dozen have been published so far). In this sense, the book is a little old-fashioned: there is sufficient technology to get the characters around the solar system as required and to abridge the occasional plot hole but the characters are not fundamentally changed by it. Everyone (apart from the deprived outer planet rats) has access to a kind of smart phone but they are not in any way controlled by the content or possibilities provided. There do not seem to be sports or cultural production on any organized scale, no one quotes any song or poetry or even film that might have been produced or which exists at the current time. It seems likely that the authors (two of them writing under a pen name) were aiming for the television series that has now been made. That is OK, since this is an entertainment and it succeeds in those terms. There is more thought-provoking work available for the who might wish to read it.