Ethics and Philosophy

A philosophy is a closed system which aspires to explain all elements of life  and the universe, or at least to provide some kind of ideology which helps the  follower to understand what is happening in the present and predict what is  likely to happen in the future. In this sense, then, a philosophy such as  Buddhism, Marxism or existentialism, provides a more or less comprehensive and  coherent framework with which to make sense of the world.

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Review of Balibar’s The Philosophy of Marx

There are a number of difficulties in trying first to understand the thought of Marx and, second, in trying to convey or teach this to other people. The most obvious of these problems is the form and content of Marx’s own writings, which demand a degree of imagination and perseverance that not everyone is willing to provide.

Read the full review here: http://www.bookideas.com/reviews/index.cfm?fuseaction=displayReview&id=6425.

Review of Zizek’s Living in the End Times

And so we return to the bad boy of contemporary philosophy, the Elvis of cultural theory, the world’s most famous and controversial living Slovenian and a person who divides even those who broadly agree with his opinions. In this, his most recent book, Slavoj Zizek takes as his starting point (or possibly has been persuaded to do so by his publisher) the concept of the impending end of civilization as we know it and then invited to scrawl his dialectics all over the place.

Read the full review here: http://www.bookideas.com/reviews/index.cfm?fuseaction=displayReview&id=6424

What Is Metalogic?

Metalogic involves the study and analysis of formal languages and of formal systems. Specifically, it involves analysis of the syntax and semantics of those languages. Syntax means the relation among expressions and semantics means the relations between the expressions employed and their meaning. Metalogic involves, therefore, examination of ways in which words (or units or symbols) represent concepts and how these interact with each other

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What Is Humanism?

Humanism is an educational and philosophical ideal that arose during the Renaissance, which occurred in Europe from the end of the C14th to the C17th. This was a conscious attempt to return to the virtues and values of classical texts in restoring drive and direction to society: the word ‘humanism’ comes from the Italian word ‘umanisti,’ which means a professor of classical literature.

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What Is Existentialism?

Existentialism is a form of philosophy that was originated in or around the 1930s and is perhaps most closely associated with the thought of Jean-Paul Sartre. In fact, existentialism has developed in a wide range of divergent directions to the extent that it is hard to determine what is the core of the philosophy and what is the superstructure that has grown up on top and around that core. Further, a lot of the terminology and means of argument connected with existentialism is complex, dense and, generally, difficult to penetrate.

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