Nepalese Journal of Management Science and Research, Vol.2 (2017)



Executive Summary

Editor’s Introduction

Original Articles

Contribution of Education, Health and Economic Growth in Socioeconomic
Development of Nepal: A Long Run Causality Using Time Series Data – Prof. Dr. Hab A.Z. Nowak and Gangadhar Dahal                                                                                             1 – 12

Analysing the Nepali Stock Market with Stochastic Models – Karan S. Thagunna, Rafal M. Lochowski                                                                                                                             13 – 22

The Threat of Cyberattack in East Asia – Choakchai Eaimrittikrai                            23 – 28

The Usage of Non-Biodegradable Packaging Materials, Recycling Strategies
and Impacts on the Environment: the Case of Bahrain – Arpita Dutta                     29 – 37

Why Co-operatives? – Subrata Mukherjee and Manoranjan Das                               38 – 45
Influence of Pester Power on Family Purchase Decisions in Urban India
– Nagendra, Asha, Kaveri Khorana, Shobit Kumar and Swapnil Dutta                    46 – 50

Issues in Cluster Development for SMEs in Thailand – Amarjeet Mastana Singh   51 – 59

Impact of the Work-Life Balance on the Buying Behaviour of Working Mothers
at the Executive Level in Mandalay, Myanmar – Sandi Win                                       60 – 66

Book Reviews

Unequal Thailand: Aspects of Income, Wealth and Power – Pasuk Phongpaichit and Chris Baker by John Walsh                                                                                                      67 – 68

Gods of Metal – Eric Schlosser by John Walsh                                                           69 – 70

The Extreme Centre: A Warming – Tariq Ali by John Walsh                                   71 – 72

The full text will be available at the SIU library website and via the Global College International in Kathmandu shortly.


Myanmar’s Mothers at a Time of Structural Change


Win, Sandi and John Walsh, “Myanmar’s Mothers at a Time of Structural Change,” paper presented at Myanmar Update 2017 (Australian National University, Canberra, February 16th-18th, 2017).


The intersectionalities of Myanmar’s patriarchic system have represented significant challenges to the country’s women, particularly its mothers. The confluence of class, ethnicity and patronage networks contains within itself the numerous barriers to women working outside the house, particularly after marriage. This manifests itself is social mores as well as practical issues relating to the ability to balance childcare with outside activities. This situation is now changing because of the relative opening of the state to democracy and the forces of globalization. In Mandalay, capital of the Northern Division of the country and centre of agricultural production, globalization is represented by the physical infrastructure of the road linking the city to Thailand, India and China, the dry dock and special economic zone, the spread of capitalism to more sectors of society and the opportunities to consume international products through newly-opened retail spaces such as in Ocean Plaza, as well as the access to information from mobile internet access cross-border television shows. These changes are affecting the decisions women can make about their lives and the expectations placed upon them to be not just wives, mothers and daughters but, also, modern consumers and producers in a developed capitalist society. This paper reports on qualitative research conducted with a diverse range of mothers in Mandalay through in-depth personal interviews. A semi-structured research instrument is used to encourage the respondents to discuss issues related to work-life balance, aspirations, life chances and relationships with other people, including family members, institutions and the market. The findings are presented within a framework that combine practical, cognitive and spiritual elements.

Keywords: gender, modernity, mothers, Myanmar, work-life balance

The 9th International Conference on Management, Finance and Entrepreneurship and the 8th International Conference on Global Business Environment

The 9th International Conference on Management, Finance and Entrepreneurship and the 8th International Conference on Global Business Environment were held concurrently at Shinawatra University, Bangkok, Thailand on 23rd July, 2016 at the graduate campus at the BBD Building on Viphawadi-Rangsit Road. The event was successful and better attended than most previous conferences SIU has hosted. Nearly 50 academic papers were scheduled for presentation.

Keynote speakers Hon. Prof. Dr. Charnvit Kotheeranurak and Dr. Somprasong Boonyachai (all photos by the author)

Two excellent keynote speeches helped to set the tone for the day. Hon. Prof. Dr. Charnvit Kotheeranurak spoke on the subject of Medicine 4.0, taking the theme of a new generation of medical treatments and conditions applying to the contemporary world and drew implications from that. Subsequently, Dr. Somprasong Boonyachai spoke on the subject of the digital economy, which is a subject on which he could speak authoritatively, given his extensive experience with AIS and now InTouch Holdings. The audience warmly appreciated both speakers. Ajarn Chanchai Bunchapattanasakda graciously agreed to open proceedings.
The remainder of the day was occupied by the technical sessions, in which academics from a number of different countries presented their research with the audience. Speakers represented, in addition to Thailand, Nepal, Myanmar, South Africa, Ghana, Germany, the UK and Indonesia, among others.

Dr. Petcharat Lovichakorntikul and Dr. Sirirat Ngamsang help to fly the flag for SIU.

Three of our SIU students from Myanmar were able to attend, two of whom – Ms Khin Kyin Zin and Daw Sandi Win – were presenting academic work for the first time, which is always a somewhat daunting task.


Ms Khin Kyin Zin, Mr. Soe Myint Than and Daw Sandi Win presented their research conducted at the Mandalay campus of SIU.

The range of topics presented was wide, ranging from work-like balance among women in positions of management to healthcare company development, communication, business ethics, stock market analysis and marketing. As ever, we endeavoured to maintain a harmonious, friendly atmosphere in which academics and students could exchange knowledge and ideas and learn about one another’s work.

I am grateful to all those who attended, including Dr. Ijaz who was representing our partner the International Foundation for Research and Development ( and our own conference team, led by Aj Ratana Palasak and Dr. Wilaiporn Lao-Hakosol. As usual, staunch support was received from the library team, especially Aj. Boonta Wisswaapaisal and K Suntirach Lerdmanee. Thanks are also due to the IT and domestic teams.

John Walsh, Shinawatra University