A Qualitative Analysis of Current Unrest in the Ready Made Garment Sector concerning Labour Practices in Bangladesh
Ashraful Siddique and John Walsh
Also to be presented at the IFRD Conference.
The ready-made garments (RMG) industry has been one of the main export industry sectors for Bangladesh and an important source of foreign exchange for the last three decades. While China is becoming expensive in this sector in terms of labour costs, opportunities to grow in this sector is shifting towards emerging countries such as Bangladesh. The RMG industry is experiencing hostility between employers and employees as witnessed by disputes and violent protest by some workers. This study explores the low wage rates among the low-skilled workers involved, the high workloads and poor relations between employees and employers which are endangering the potential growth of this industrial sector and may even bring about its destruction. Using personal interviews combined with review of secondary data, this study finds that there is growing demand for balanced work-life quality among the workers of the RMG sector.
Key Words: Bangladesh, employer-employee relationship, job satisfaction, ready-made garments, work-life quality.
Ashraful Siddique is a PhD candidate at the School of Management, Shinawatra University, Thailand
Dr. John Walsh is Director, SIU Research Centre, School of Management, Shinawatra University, Thailland