As part of his influential writings on cultural theory, Raymond Williams tackled the issue of base and superstructure in literary (and indeed all forms of cultural) criticism. Base and superstructure is a crucial concept in Marxist thought: the base is the set of economic conditions and the relationships between different classes in society and the modes of production used in that society
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I’m using the new computer now and not quite used to it – so some typos in the original article. That’s my excuse anyway.